Timeline of key events in Sanger's life

Date Event People Places
August 13, 1918Frederick Sanger, twice Nobel Prize winner, bornSangerRendcomb, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom
1932Sanger attends Bryanston School, Dorset, as boarderSanger
1936 - 1940Sanger takes degree in Natural Sciences at Cambridge UniversitySangerCambridge University
1940 - 1943Sanger studies for a doctorate at Cambridge UniversitySangerCambridge University
1944Sanger starts working on amino acid composition of insulinSangerCambridge University
1955Sanger completes the full sequence of amino acids in insulinSangerCambridge University
1957Victor Ingram breaks the genetic code behind sickle-cell anaemia using Sanger's sequencing techniqueIngram, SangerCambridge University
1958Sanger awarded his first Nobel Prize in ChemistrySangerCambridge University
1960Sanger begins to devise ways to sequence nucleic acids, starting with RNASangerCambridge University
1962Sanger moves to the newly created Laboratory of Molecular Biology in CambridgeSangerLaboratory of Molecular Biololgy
1965Sanger and colleagues publish two-dimension partition sequencing methodSanger, Brownlee, BarrellLaboratory of Molecular Biology
1975Sanger and Coulson publish their plus minus method for DNA sequencingSanger, CoulsonLaboratory of Molecular Biology
1977Complete sequence of bacteriophage phi X174 DNA determinedSangerLaboratory of Molecular Biology
February 1977Two different DNA sequencing methods published that allow for the rapid sequencing of long stretches of DNASanger, Maxam, GilbertHarvard University, Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1980Sanger awarded his second Nobel Prize in ChemistrySanger, GilbertHarvard University, Laboratory of Molecular Biology
1983Sanger retiresSangerLaboratory of Molecular Biology
November 19, 2013Sanger, the inventor of DNA sequencing, died at the age of 95SangerCambridge

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