This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Date Event People Places Sciences
1952Bacteriophage experiments show DNA and not proteins to be genetic materialHershey, ChaseCarnegie Institution for ScienceDNA
1952First observation of the modification of viruses by bacteriaLuria, HumanUniversity of IllinoisRestriction enzymes, Recombinant DNA, Sequencing DNA
1952Stanley Plotkin graduated from New York UniversityPlotkinWistar Institute 
1952First immortal human cell line developedGey, Lacks  
Jan 1952X-ray diffraction image, produced by Rosalind Franklin, shows DNA to have regularly repeating helical structureFranklinKings College LondonDNA
01 Feb 1952Roger Y Tsien was born in New York NY, USATsienUniversity of California San DiegoAnalytical chemistry, Biochemistry
04 Mar 1952Charles S Sherrington diedSherrington Neuroscience
09 Nov 1952Jack Szostak was born in London, United KingdomSzotakHarvard UniversityGenetics
09 Nov 1952Chaim Azriel Weizmann diedWeizmann  
1953Immune tolerance theory proved in experimentsMedawar, Billingham, BrentUniversity College LondonAntibodies
01 Jan 1953Ingeborg Hochmair-Desoyer was born in Vienna, AustriaHochmair-Desoyer  
Apr 1953DNA double-helix structure announcedCrick, WatsonCavendish LaboratoryDNA
Apr 1953Franklin's x-ray image of DNA publishedFranklinKings College LondonDNA
01 Oct 1953Edwin J Cohn diedCohn Biochemistry
02 Nov 1953Michael Neuberger was born in London, United KingdomNeuberger  
1954 - 1958Cesar Milstein pursues his first doctorate in biochemistryMilstein, StoppaniUniversity of Buenos Aires 
23 Feb 1954Salk polio vaccine trial begunSalkUniversity of PittsburghVirology, Vaccine
07 Mar 1954James Bryan Herrick diedHerrick Rush Medical CollegeGenetics
Dec 1954First successful human kidney transplantBrigham Hospital, Harvard UniversityTranplantation
1955 - 1959Clonal selection theoryJerne, Talmage, BurnetDanish National Serum Institute, Walter and Eliza Hall InstituteAntibodies

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