This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Date Event People Places Sciences
11 Mar 1955Alexander Fleming diedFlemingLondon UniversityBacteriology, Biochemistry, Antibacterial agents
12 Aug 1955James B Sumner diedSumnerCornell UniversityBiochemistry
Dec 1955First discovery of the enzyme DNA polymeraseKornberg, Bessman, Simms, LehmanWashington University in St. LouisDNA, recombinant DNA
1956DNA polymerase discovered to replicate DNAKornberg Washington University in St. LouisDNA
1956Experiments with mice confirm radiation recovery factor is a distinctive cellLoutit, Ford, Barnes, HamertonMRC RRUStem cells
1956Mice with leukaemia treated successfully with lethal radiation followed by bone marrow transplantLoutit, Barnes MRC RRUStem cells
19 Feb 1956Roderick MacKinnon was born in Burlington MA, USAMackinnonRockefeller UniversityBiochemistry
17 Mar 1956Irène Joliot-Curie diedCurie  
1957The Associacion Quimica Argentina awards Milstein a prize for the best doctoral thesis in chemistry that yearMilsteinUniversity of Buenos Aires 
1957 - 1959Cesar Milstein publishes papers from his doctorate with his supervisor Andres StoppaniMilsteinUniversity of Buenos Aires 
1957Victor Ingram breaks the genetic code behind sickle-cell anaemia using Sanger's sequencing techniqueIngram, SangerCambridge UniversitySequencing DNA
1957 - 1959Concept developed that the immune system naturally protects against cancerBurnet, Lewis Immunotherapy, Oncology
1957Leukaemia virus found, reinforcing idea that viruses can cause cancerFriendMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterOncology
1957Hilary Koprowski appointed fifth director of the Wistar InstituteKoprowskiWistar Institute 
1957Stanley Plotkin assigned to work temporarily at Wistar Institute by CDC of US Public Health ServicePlotkinWistar Institute 
1957First observation of messenger RNAAstrachan, VolkinOak Ridge National LaboratoryDNA, RNA, genetics
Jan 1957First report of bone marrow transplants performed in human (cancer) patientsThomas, Lochte, Lu, FerrebeeBassett Medical CenterStem cells
18 Feb 1957Joseph G Hamilton diedHamiltonCrocker Laboratory 
Sep 1957RNA proposed intermediary between DNA and proteinsCrickCavendish LaboratoryDNA
Oct 1957First synthesis of DNA in a test tubeKornbergWashington University in St. LouisDNA, recombinant DNA

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