This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Date Event People Places Sciences
1957Leukaemia virus found, reinforcing idea that viruses can cause cancerFriendMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterOncology
1957Hilary Koprowski appointed fifth director of the Wistar InstituteKoprowskiWistar Institute 
1957Stanley Plotkin assigned to work temporarily at Wistar Institute by CDC of US Public Health ServicePlotkinWistar Institute 
1957First observation of messenger RNAAstrachan, VolkinOak Ridge National LaboratoryDNA, RNA, genetics
1957Conrad Waddington develops model of epigenetic landscape to show the process of cellular decision-making during biological developmentWaddngtonCambridge UniversityEpigenetics, Embryology
Jan 1957First report of bone marrow transplants performed in human (cancer) patientsThomas, Lochte, Lu, FerrebeeBassett Medical CenterStem cells
18 Feb 1957Joseph G Hamilton diedHamiltonCrocker Laboratory 
Sep 1957RNA proposed intermediary between DNA and proteinsCrickCavendish LaboratoryDNA
Oct 1957First synthesis of DNA in a test tubeKornbergWashington University in St. LouisDNA, recombinant DNA
1958DNA replication explainedMeselson, StahlCalifornia Institute of TechnologyDNA
1958The cell is confirmed responsible for antibody productionLederberg, NossalUniversity of Wisconsin, Walter and Eliza Hall InstituteAntibodies
1958 - 1961Cesar Milstein takes up a British Council Scholarship at Cambridge UniversityMilstein, Dixon, WebbSir William Dunn School of Pathology 
1958Sanger awarded his first Nobel Prize in ChemistrySangerCambridge UniversityDNA Sequencing
16 Apr 1958Rosalind E Franklin diedFranklinKings College LondonDNA
1959Infused allogeneic bone marrow in accidentally irradiated workers shown to give rise to mature blood cellsMatheHopital Saint LouisStem cells
1959Experiments in mice prove the existence of resident blood stem cells in marrowThomas Bassett Medical CenterStem cells
27 Apr 1959Andrew Z Fire was born in Stanford CA, USAFire Stanford University School RNA interference
25 Jul 1959Mice injected with BCG vaccine shown to develop resistance to growth of implanted tumours. This was the first direct evidence of the immune system's ability to prevent cancer. Old, Clarke, BenacerrafMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunotherapy, Oncology
03 Aug 1959Koichi Tanaka was born in Toyama City, JapanTanakaShimadzu CorporationAnalytical chemistry
1960Cellular fusion technique formulatedBarski, Sorieul, CarnefertInstitut Gustave RoussyMonoclonal antibodies

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