This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Date Event People Places Sciences
1964Cesar Milstein publishes his first paper on antibodiesMilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyAntibodies
24 Apr 1964Gerhard Domagk diedDomagkMunster UniversityAntibacterial agents, Bacteriology
06 Nov 1964Hans von Euler-Chelpin died   
1965First successful allogeneic marrow transplant reported in patient with leukaemiaMatheInstitute of Cancer and ImmunotherapeuticsStem cells
1965Distinctive and powerfully regenerative cell resident in bone marrow, known from now on as stem cells  Stem cells
1965Paterson Institute for Cancer Research established as a major centre for blood stem cell researchLajtha, Schofield, Lord, Dexter, PatersonPaterson Institute for Cancer Research, Christie Cancer HosptialStem cells
1965Development of a technique for the in vitro cultivation of bone marrow cellsMetcalf, Bradley, Sachs, PluznikQueen Elizabeth II Hospital, Weizmann InstituteStem cells
1965Transfer RNA is the first nucleic acid molecule to be sequencedHolleyCornell UniversitySequencing DNA
1965Werner Arber predicts restriction enzymes could be used as a labortory tool to cleave DNAArberUniversity of GenevaRestriction enzymes, Recombinant DNA, Sequencing DNA
1965Atlas of Protein Sequence and Structure publishedDayhoffNational Biomedical Research FoundationSequencing DNA
1965Ledley publishes Uses of Computers in Biology and MedicineLedleyNational Biomedical Research FoundationSequencing DNA
30 Mar 1965Philip Showalter Hench diedHenchMayo ClinicBiochemistry, Endocrinology
05 Dec 1965Joseph Erlanger diedErlangerWashington University in St LouisNeuroscience
Jul 1966Cesar Milstein and Sydney Brenner publish theory attributing antibody diversity to somatic mutationBrenner, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyAntibodies
Dec 1966Scientists detect antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer which suggest the cancer is caused by a virus. Old, Boyse, OettgenMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunotherapy, Oncology, Virology
1967First automatic protein sequencer developedEdman, BeggSt Vincent's School of Medical ResearchDNA, Sequencing DNA
15 Apr 1967Hermann J Muller diedMullerIndiana UniversityGenetics
22 Aug 1967Gregory Pincus diedPincusWorcester Foundation for Experimental BiologyReproduction
1968The first partial sequence of a viral DNA is reportedWu, KaiserCornell University, Stanford University Medical SchoolSequencing DNA
1968First successful bone marrow transplant from a siblingGoodMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunology, Stem cells, Transplantation

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