This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

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Date Event People Places Sciences
Jul 1966Cesar Milstein and Sydney Brenner publish theory attributing antibody diversity to somatic mutationBrenner, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyAntibodies
Dec 1966Scientists detect antibodies to the Epstein-Barr virus in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer which suggest the cancer is caused by a virus. Old, Boyse, OettgenMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunotherapy, Oncology, Virology
1967First automatic protein sequencer developedEdman, BeggSt Vincent's School of Medical ResearchDNA, DNA Sequencing
15 Apr 1967Hermann J Muller diedMullerIndiana UniversityGenetics
22 Aug 1967Gregory Pincus diedPincusWorcester Foundation for Experimental BiologyReproduction
1968The first partial sequence of a viral DNA is reportedWu, KaiserCornell University, Stanford University Medical SchoolDNA Sequencing
1968First successful bone marrow transplant from a siblingGoodMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunology, Stem cells, Transplantation
1968Paul Berg started experiments to generate recombinant DNA moleculesBergStanford UniversityRecombinant DNA
21 Feb 1968Howard Walter Florey died   
24 Jun 1968Hattie Elizabeth Alexander diedAlexanderColumbia UniversityAntibacterial agents, Antimicrobial resistance
18 Jul 1968Corneille Jean Francois Heymans died   
23 Jul 1968Henry H Dale diedDale Neuroscience
1969Basel Institute of Immunology foundedJerneBasel Institute of ImmunologyAntibodies
1969First antibodies with known specificity grownSinokovicsMD Anderson Cancer CenterAntibodies
1969Splenic fragment technique devised for growing antibodiesKlinmanWistar InstituteMonoclonal antibodies
1969Concept of the tumour stem cell is bornFialkow, Pierce, Hamburger, Salmon, Nowell, Damjanov, SolterUniversity of Washington in SeattleStem cells
1969First principles for PCR publishedKhorana, KleppeUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonPCR, DNA Sequencing
1969New species of bacterium is isolated from hot spring in Yellowstone National Park by Thomas BrockBrockCase Western Reserve UniversityPCR, DNA Sequencing
1969New idea for generating recombinant DNA conceivedLobhanStanford UniversityRecombinant DNA
1969 - 1970First license approved in US and Europe for vaccine against rubella (German measles)PlotkinWistar InstituteVaccine, Virology

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