This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

To search for particular terms in the description of the event enter the term in the box below 'Event' on the table and press 'enter'. Alternatively use the dropdown lists to filter by Person, Place or Science. Click here to clear the filter.

Date Event People Places Sciences
Apr 1975Unique marker, known as an idiotypic determinant, discovered on the surface of proteins in cancer cells, providing a new target for treating cancerStevensonSouthampton UniversityAntibodies
Aug 1975First step taken to patent Kohler and Milstein's monoclonal antibodiesMilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
07 Aug 1975Cesar Milstein and Georges Kohler publish a paper outlining a technique for producing limitless monoclonal antibodiesKohler, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
Sep 1975Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) was discovered. It was the first immune molecule shown to kill cancer cellsCarswell, Old, Kassel, Green, Fiore, WilliamsonMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology, Monoclonal antibodies
05 Nov 1975Edward Lawrie Tatum diedTatumRockefeller UniversityGenetics
Jan 1976Experiment in guinea-pigs with anti-idiotype antibodies shown to slow down leukaemiaStevensonSouthampton UniversityAntibodies
Apr 1976Genentech foundedSwanson, BoyerGenentech IncRecombinant DNA
17 Apr 1976Carl P H Dam diedDam  
Sep 1976Cesar Milstein supplies myeloma cells to Hilary Koprowski at the Wistar Institute for producing monoclonal antibodiesKoprowski, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular Biology, Wistar InstituteMonoclonal antibodies
Oct 1976British government declines to patent monoclonal antibodiesMilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
20 Nov 1976Trofim Denisovich Lysenko diedLysenko Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural SciencesEvolution, Genetics
1976Technique published for introducing DNA into cultured cellsWigler, Silverstein, Lee, Pellicer, Cheng, AxelColumbia UniversityGene editing
1977Human growth hormone genetically engineered  Recombinant DNA
1977Monoclonal antibodies developed for automatic fluorescence-activated cell sorter Milstein, Herzenberg, OiLaboratory of Molecular Biology, Stanford University Medical School, University of TorontoMonoclonal antibodies
1977Bone marrow transplants is clinically provenDonnallFred Hutchinson, Seattle, New YorkStem cells
1977Complete sequence of bacteriophage phi X174 DNA determinedSangerLaboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
1977First computer programme written to help with the compilation and analysis of DNA sequence dataMcCallumLaboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
Feb 1977Two different DNA sequencing methods published that allow for the rapid sequencing of long stretches of DNASanger, Maxam, GilbertHarvard University, Laboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
Feb 1977Partnership begun for first commercial distribution of cells for producing monoclonal antibodiesMilstein, Murray Monoclonal antibodies
Feb 1977Scientists find a way to generate T cells in thymic tissue in test tubes, paving the way study mechanisms underlying the regulation of T cell developmentRobinson, OwenUniversity of Newcastle upon TyneImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology

Website design by Silico Research the creative minds behind BioPartnering.

Follow us to keep up with all the new content about the world of biotechnology.