This website provides a curated collection of resources about the people, places and technologies that have enabled biotechnology to transform our healthcare and the world we live in today

Timeline of key events

Timeline of key events in biotechnology

To search for particular terms in the description of the event enter the term in the box below 'Event' on the table and press 'enter'. Alternatively use the dropdown lists to filter by Person, Place or Science. Click here to clear the filter.

Date Event People Places Sciences
1975Sanger and Coulson publish their plus minus method for DNA sequencingSanger, CoulsonLaboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
Feb 1975Natural killer cell identified in mice and shown to be important part of immune systemKiessling, Klein, Pross, WigzellKarolinska InstituteImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology
15 Apr 1975Human natural killer cell isolatedJondal, ProssKarolinska InstituteImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology
19 Apr 1975Percy Lavon Julian diedJulianHarvard UniversityPharmacology
24 Apr 1975Discovery of unique molecular marker, idiotype, on blood cancer cells, opening new avenue for cancer diagnosis and therapyStevensonTenovus Research LaboratoryImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology
Apr 1975Unique marker, known as an idiotypic determinant, discovered on the surface of proteins in cancer cells, providing a new target for treating cancerStevensonSouthampton UniversityAntibodies
Aug 1975First step taken to patent Kohler and Milstein's monoclonal antibodiesMilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
07 Aug 1975Cesar Milstein and Georges Kohler publish a paper outlining a technique for producing limitless monoclonal antibodiesKohler, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
Sep 1975Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) was discovered. It was the first immune molecule shown to kill cancer cellsCarswell, Old, Kassel, Green, Fiore, WilliamsonMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology, Monoclonal antibodies
05 Nov 1975Edward Lawrie Tatum diedTatumRockefeller UniversityGenetics
Jan 1976Experiment in guinea-pigs with anti-idiotype antibodies shown to slow down leukaemiaStevensonSouthampton UniversityAntibodies
Apr 1976Genentech foundedSwanson, BoyerGenentech IncRecombinant DNA
17 Apr 1976Carl P H Dam diedDam  
31 May 1976Jacques Monod diedMonodPasteur InstituteGenetics
Sep 1976Cesar Milstein supplies myeloma cells to Hilary Koprowski at the Wistar Institute for producing monoclonal antibodiesKoprowski, MilsteinLaboratory of Molecular Biology, Wistar InstituteMonoclonal antibodies
10 Sep 1976Discovery of first T cell growth factor, later named Interleukin-2 (IL-2)Morgan, Ruscetti, GalloLitton Bioethics Research Laboratories, National Cancer InstituteImmunology, Immunotherapy, Oncology
Oct 1976British government declines to patent monoclonal antibodiesMilsteinLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
20 Nov 1976Trofim Denisovich Lysenko diedLysenko Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural SciencesEvolution, Genetics
1976Technique published for introducing DNA into cultured cellsWigler, Silverstein, Lee, Pellicer, Cheng, AxelColumbia UniversityGene editing
1977Human growth hormone genetically engineered  Recombinant DNA

Website design by Silico Research the creative minds behind BioPartnering.

Follow us to keep up with all the new content about the world of biotechnology.