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Timeline of key events

Frederick Sanger: Timeline of key events

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Date Event People Places Sciences
01 Aug 1918Frederick Sanger, twice Nobel Prize winner, born in Rendcombe, United KingdomSangerRendcomb, Gloucestershire 
13 Aug 1918Frederick Sanger was born in Gloucestershire, England, United KingdomSanger  
1932Sanger attends Bryanston School, Dorset, as boarderSanger  
1936 - 1940Sanger takes degree in Natural Sciences at Cambridge UniversitySangerCambridge University 
1940 - 1943Sanger studies for a doctorate at Cambridge UniversitySangerCambridge University 
1944Sanger starts working on amino acid composition of insulinSangerCambridge University 
1955Sanger completes the full sequence of amino acids in insulinSangerCambridge UniversitySequencing DNA
1957Victor Ingram breaks the genetic code behind sickle-cell anaemia using Sanger's sequencing techniqueIngram, SangerCambridge UniversitySequencing DNA
1958Sanger awarded his first Nobel Prize in ChemistrySangerCambridge UniversitySequencing DNA
1960Sanger begins to devise ways to sequence nucleic acids, starting with RNASangerCambridge UniversitySequencing DNA
1962Sanger moves to the newly created Laboratory of Molecular Biology in CambridgeSangerLaboratory of Molecular BiololgySequencing DNA
1963Cesar Milstein returns to Cambridge and begins researching the structure and diversity of antibodiesMilstein, SangerLaboratory of Molecular BiologyMonoclonal antibodies
1975Sanger and Coulson publish their plus minus method for DNA sequencingSanger, CoulsonLaboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
1977Complete sequence of bacteriophage phi X174 DNA determinedSangerLaboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
Feb 1977Two different DNA sequencing methods published that allow for the rapid sequencing of long stretches of DNASanger, Maxam, GilbertHarvard University, Laboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
1980Sanger awarded his second Nobel Prize in ChemistrySanger, GilbertHarvard University, Laboratory of Molecular BiologySequencing DNA
1983Sanger retiresSanger 
Nov 2013Sanger, the inventor of DNA sequencing, died at the age of 95Sanger 

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