Surgery

Surgery: timeline of key events

Brodie was a physiologist and surgeon who made his name investigating the beginnings of disease in different tissues that form a joint. His work paved the way to more conservative treatments in diseases of the joints, which helped to reduce the number of amputations and saved many limbs and lives. He was the first surgeon to become the president of the British General Medical council and to be elected president to the Royal Society.1783-06-09T00:00:00+0000Sedillot was a French military physician and surgeon who was a major pioneer of endoscopic surgery, anaesthesiology, clinical histopathology and infectiology. In 1846 he performed the first gastronomy in the world. This is a surgical procedure the makes an opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall to enable the absorption of food through a tube. He was also one of the first to make the link between the proximity of the dissection room and the operating theatre in the development of postoperative infectious complications. Sedillot is also credited with coining the term 'microbe' (from the Greek: mikros, 'small', and bios, life') in 1878. 1804-09-18T00:00:00+0000Kocher was a physician and medical researcher who was a major pioneer in the fields of applied surgery, neurosurgery and, especially, thyroid surgery and endocrinology. His success in the field of surgery is attributed to his implementation of antiseptic wound treatment, use of special masks on patients for anaesthesia and controlling blood loss during surgery. Kocher was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1909 for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid. He was the first Swiss person and first surgeon to ever receive the prize. Within the field of neurosurgery he showed that some epilepsy cases were caused by brain tumours that could be surgically removed.1841-08-25T00:00:00+0000Brodie was an English physiologist and surgeon who made his name investigating the beginnings of disease in different tissues that form a joint. His work paved the way to more conservative treatments in diseases of the joints, which helped to reduce the number of amputations and saved many limbs and lives. He was the first surgeon to become the president of the British General Medical council and to be elected president to the Royal Society. 1862-10-21T00:00:00+0000Cushing was a neurosurgeon who was a major pioneer of brain surgery. He is best known for his work on the pituitary gland and for the first to describe Cushing disease, a condition caused by the body producing too much of a hormone called cortisol, often caused by a tumour or excess growth in the pituitary gland. This leads to swelling in the trunk and face. Cushing also identified several varieties of brain tumours and made great advances in their treatment. Many of the operating procedures and techniques now used in surgery of the brain also come from him.1869-04-08T00:00:00+0000Sedillot was a French military physician and surgeon who was a major pioneer of endoscopic surgery, anaesthesiology, clinical histopathology and infectiology. In 1846 he performed the first gastronomy in the world. This is a surgical procedure the makes an opening between the stomach and the abdominal wall to enable the absorption of food through a tube. He was also one of the first to make the link between the proximity of the dissection room and the operating theatre in the development of postoperative infectious complications. Sedillot is also credited with coining the term 'microbe' (from the Greek: mikros, 'small', and bios, life') in 1878.1883-01-19T00:00:00+0000Blalock was a surgeon who in 1944 helped to pioneer a new surgical procedure, known as subclavian-pulmonary artery anastomosis, for infants born with 'blue baby' syndrome (tetralogy of Fallot). Such babies have a hole in the wall between their heart's two major chambers (ventricles). Earlier in his career, Blalock demonstrated, with the help of his African-American laboratory assistant, Vivien Thomas, that surgical shock stems primarily from the loss of blood. This led to the use of plasma or whole-blood transfusions as treatment following the onset of shock. 1899-04-05T00:00:00+0000Kocher was a Swiss physician and medical researcher who was a major pioneer in the fields of applied surgery, neurosurgery and, especially, thyroid surgery and endocrinology. His success in the field of surgery is attributed to his implementation of antiseptic wound treatment, use of special masks on patients for anaesthesia and controlling blood loss during surgery. Kocher was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1909 for his work on the physiology, pathology and surgery of the thyroid. He was the first Swiss person and first surgeon to ever receive the prize. Within the field of neurosurgery he showed that some epilepsy cases were caused by brain tumours that could be surgically removed. 1917-07-27T00:00:00+0000Cushing was an American neurosurgeon who was a major pioneer of brain surgery. He is best known for his work on the pituitary gland and for the first to describe Cushing disease, a condition caused by the body producing too much of a hormone called cortisol, often caused by a tumour or excess growth in the pituitary gland. This leads to swelling in the trunk and face. Cushing also identified several varieties of brain tumours and made great advances in their treatment. Many of the operating procedures and techniques now used in surgery of the brain also come from him.1939-10-07T00:00:00+0000Blalock was an American surgeon who in 1944 helped to pioneer a new surgical procedure, known as subclavian-pulmonary artery anastomosis, for infants born with 'blue baby' syndrome (tetralogy of Fallot). Such babies have a hole in the wall between their heart's two major chambers (ventricles). Earlier in his career, Blalock demonstrated, with the help of his African-American laboratory assistant, Vivien Thomas, that surgical shock stems primarily from the loss of blood. This led to the use of plasma or whole-blood transfusions as treatment following the onset of shock.1964-09-15T00:00:00+0000
Date Event People Places
9 Jun 1783Benjamin Collins Brodie born in Winterslow, Wiltshire, UKBrodieSt George's Hospital
18 Sep 1804Charles Sedillot was born in Paris, FranceSedillot 
25 Aug 1841Emil Theodor Kocher was born in Berne, SwitzerlandKocherUniversity of Berne
21 Oct 1862Benjamin Collins Brodie diedBrodieSt George's Hospital
8 Apr 1869Harvey W Cushing was born in Cleveland, Ohio, USACushingJohns Hopkins University
19 Jan 1883Charles Sedillot diedSedillot 
5 Apr 1899Alfred Blalock was born in Culloden, Georgia, USABlalock Vanderbilt University, Johns Hopkins University
27 Jul 1917Emil Theodor Kocher diedKocherUniversity of Berne
7 Oct 1939Harvey W Cushing diedCushingJohns Hopkins University
15 Sep 1964Alfred Blalock diedBlalockVanderbilt University, Johns Hopkins University

9 Jun 1783

Benjamin Collins Brodie born in Winterslow, Wiltshire, UK

18 Sep 1804

Charles Sedillot was born in Paris, France

25 Aug 1841

Emil Theodor Kocher was born in Berne, Switzerland

21 Oct 1862

Benjamin Collins Brodie died

8 Apr 1869

Harvey W Cushing was born in Cleveland, Ohio, USA

19 Jan 1883

Charles Sedillot died

5 Apr 1899

Alfred Blalock was born in Culloden, Georgia, USA

27 Jul 1917

Emil Theodor Kocher died

7 Oct 1939

Harvey W Cushing died

15 Sep 1964

Alfred Blalock died

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